World’s Top 10 – Record Breaker Plants.

1.  Bamboo tree :

It is the world’s fastest growing land plant. It can grow 30cm a day. That means this plant is growing at rate of 1.27 cm every hour. Bamboo is the sole food source for the world’s most endangered animal panda.

 

2. Rafflesia

Rafflesia is the world’s largest flower, found in the rainforest of Borneo and Sumatra. It is also known as the stinking corpse lily and measures 1 metre in diameter. It weighs upto 11 kg and remains open for about a week.

 

 

3. Rose tree :

A lady bank rose tree at Trombstone, Arizona has a trunk 101 cm thick, stands 2.7 metres high and covers 500 square metres! It is supported by 68 posts and 150 people can sit under it.

 

 

4. Bristlecone Pine :

It is the world’s oldest living tree. It is estimated to be more than 4700 years old. Which is found in the white mountains of California. It is also known as Methuselah, this tree is almost twice as old as the great pyramids of Egypt!

 

 

5. Lindsey Creek tree :

The biggest tree ever known was the Lindsey Creek tree, a massive redwood which blend over in 1905. It weighed over 3300 tonnes!

 

 

6. Balsa Wood :

Balsa wood generally found in the Central America. It is the most lightest and softest wood in entire world.

 

 

7. Carnivorous plants :

It is the only plants which is having highest species in the whole world. There are approximately 400 known species of carnivorous plants in the world.

 

 

8. coco-de-mer :

It is also known as double coconut. which is mostly found in Seychelles, their seeds can sometimes weigh upto 20kg! 

 

 

9. Magnolia Acuminata:

It is commonly called the cucumber tree, cucumber magnolia or blue magnolia, is one of the largest magnolias, and one of the cold-hardiest. It is a large forest tree of the Eastern United States and Southern Ontario, Canada.

 

 

10.  Avocado :

It is the most nutritious fruit in the whole world. It contains 741 calories per edible pound.

 

 

 

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Personality Development – A key ingredient to grow in today’s world !

What is Personality ?

“It refers to a unique mode of response to life situations.”

Personality is used in terms of influencing others through external appearance.It may mean different things to different people.To some, it may means a general sum of traits or characteristics of the person. The term personality has been derived from Latin word ‘persona’ which means ‘to speak through’.  According to Ruch , personality should include:

  1. inner awareness of self as a permanent organizing force;
  2. external appearance and behaviour;
  3. the particular pattern; and
  4. organization of measurable traits, both inner and outer.

The unique way of responding to-day to-day life situations is the heart of human behaviour. Accordingly, personality embraces all the unique traits, and patterns of adjustment of the individual in his relationship with others and his environment. Taking these aspects of personality, Maddi has defined personality  as:

“Personality is a set of characteristics and tendencies that determine the    differences in the behaviour ( thoughts, feelings, and actions ) of people    that have continuity in time.”

With this context, we shall take personality as the traits and characteristics of an individual because of which he/she shows consistent pattern of response to environmental stimuli.

How Personality Develops :

It starts since the child is in fetal stage. After birth, the child develops and learns. This process continues throughout his life. Therefore, personality development can be seen through different stages of age of an individual. At each stage, a person develops different aspects of personality. so we can say that Human personality development is a continous process.

Personality develops as a result of interaction of four main sources of stress. These sources affect differently at each stage of the life of a person and these stages are classified as follows:

Oral Stage – This stage cover the period from Birth to 18 months of age. In this stage the child satisfies his sexual instinct by sucking from mouth, lips and tongue. or he satisfies himself by sucking his thumb or finger.

Anal Stage – This stage covers the period from 18 months to 3 years. In this stage the child satisfies his sexual instinct by releasing urine and faeces.

Phallic Stage – This stage covers the period from 3 to 7 years. In this stage  the child’s sexual instinct is satisfied by touching the sex organs. Children may start discriminate gentals.

Latency Stage –   This stage covers the period from 7 to 12 years. In this stage the child’s sexual instinct are usually at sleep because of social fear. he enjoys playing and talking with his friends.

Genital Stage – This stage covers the period from 12 to 20 years. In this stage they see their genitals – as their sex organs grow. Day dreaming , telling false stories and Masturbation generally happens at this stage.

Early Adulthood – This stage covers the period from 20 to 25 years. In this stage the sense of identity developed which helps the person to develop deep , trusting and lasting relationships.

Young Adulthood – This stage covers the period from 25 to 30 years. In this stage the person tries to become innovative and creative. But they don’t show concern for future generation at this stage.

Mature Adult hood – This stage covers the period from 30 years to his remaining life. In this stage the persons gets maturity, wisdom, and perspective that can guide the young generation.

 

Factors Affecting Personality :

Generally, the determinants which may affect personality is categorized into four broad categories:

  • Biological Factors : The general characteristics of human biological system influence the way in which human being tends to sense external event data, interpret, and respond to them. The study of biological factors can be divided into three categories:

1) Heredity – Heredity is the transmission of qualities from adults to their young ones. Heredity predisposes to certain physical , mental , and emotional states.

2) Brain – Brain is supposed to play the role in shaping personality. Brain is divided into two parts -left hemisphere and right hemisphere. Depending on this structure of the brain, an individual’s personality develops.

3) Physical Features – Personality referred to physical features of a person. A person’s physical features have some influence on his personality because he will influence others and in turn, will affect his self concept.

  • Family and Social Factors : Family and social groups  have most significant impact on personality development. Total home environment is a critical factor in personality development. In which parents and other family members have strong influence on personality. The study showed the high correlation between attitudes of parents and children with a further consistency in patterns. The relation between parents and children was higher than that between the children and their teachers. Besides parents, Siblings also contribute to personality development. There are other influences arising from the social placement of the family, particularly the school, friendship and other work groups.
  • Cultural Factors : Culture is the underlying determinant of human decision making. It generally determines attitudes towards independence, aggression, competition and cooperation. Each culture expects and trains its members to behave in the ways that are acceptable to the group. The child’s cultural group defines the range of experiences and situations he is likely to encounter and the values and personality characteristics that will be reinforced and hence learned. Despite the importance of cultural contribution to the personality, a linear relationship cannot be established between personality and a given culture. One problem stems from the existence of numerous subcultures with a given culture.

 

Changes which takes place after developing as a mature people :

1.Individual as a child, does not have an habitual set of attitudes about himself . As adult, he thinks about himself and has an ego.

2.Individual as a child, is subordinate to everyone. As an adult, he moves to equal or superior position to others.

3.Individual as a child, behaves only in few ways and he is less predictable. As an adult, he behaves in many ways and he is more predictable.

4.Individual as a child, is exclusively concerned with the present. As a mature, his always concerned with the past or his future.

5.Individual has erratic, casual and shallow interests as a child. Gradually, he acquires a fairly well defined set of interests.

6.As a child, he develops from a state of dependence and as an adult he develops from a relative state of independence.

7.As a child his life is a series of events occurring withot his choice. On the other hand, adult knows how to control the occurrence of events.

 

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CONTENT SOURCE : The book -Organizational Behaviour ( L M Prasad )

 

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Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 notes banned – in INDIA

 

The Prime Minister of India  Mr. Narendra Modi had recently announced that Rs.500 and Rs. 1000 Indian currency notes should immediately banned from midnight of 8th november,16 onwards. Modi said this was being done to block the flow of black money which enfants the Indian economy. and This was also done to trap the fake currency rackets which is running across the country . He was announced this surprise decision on Indian news channels itself. while he applaud the India’s economic growth but said India should also be on top on Global economy. Those having the notes of Rs. 500 and Rs. 1000 will have replaced from banks and post offices. The time duration of between 10 november to 30th december has been alloted to general public or to indian residents for exchanging currency notes. He also announced that banks will remain shut for the public on november9. And ATMs of all the banks & branches also will remain closed on 9th & 10th of november. you can only withdraw Rs 8-10,000 from your respective bank accounts for the first week.

Those having problem or unable to exchange Rs500, Rs 1000 notes by december 30 for some valid reasons, will change them till march 31st,2017 by accoutred ID proofs and valid documents. PM also announces that Only  government hospitals , airline/railway/bus counters , petrol stations will accept the notes for 72 hours, means till 11th november midnight as under special arrangements announced by him to avoid public panic.

Some important sentences said by him as follows:-

  • Black money worth 1.25 lakh crore has been seized from the last 3-4 hours after this announcement made.
  • As it’s a matter of our Nation which is making indented from inside due to corruption or black money decision should be necessary  .
  • Since from many years, poverty has not been improved due to this biggest obstacles.
  • Corruption, Fake currency ,Terrorism  and Black money holds back the Indian economy from past several years.
  • New notes of Rs 2000 and Rs 500 will be transmitted soon in the indian economy or distributed as per the RBIs decision .

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Have you ever heard about -Earth’s Funniest Animals.

“Any living thing that is not a human being or plant is basically known as  Animal. There are many different animal classes and every animal in the  world belongs to one of them. But did you ever know, that some of      animals are funny also. see here who’s and how they are :-

 

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  • Most of the whales and dolphins talk to their young and to each other using clicks and other sounds.

 

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  • A baby humpback whale can hear its mother from upto 185 kilometers away , so it never gets lost.

 

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  • Although snakes have two well-developed eyes, but they cannot blink it. even they sleeped with open eyes.

 

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  • The cuttlefish is different from most other living beings in the sense that it has two hearts.

 

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  • American bold eagles fly back to the same nest year after year. They make a few repairs, then lay their eggs. Some nests are over 100 years old and are bigger and heavier than a car.

 

Eastern Whip-poor-will (Antrostomus vociferus), Ontario, Canada

  • Animals that hibernate eat enough before hibernation to last through winters. The poorwill of North America is the only bird known to hibernate.

 

spider, dolomedes sp, catching fish

  • The swamp spider loves fishing. It dabbles its feet in the water as bait for tiny fish. When they start to nibble its toes, it grabs them.

 

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  • Lots of animals keep their babies nests clean, but the badger would probably win first prize ! Adult badgers regularly line their burrows with fresh dried grass and leaves. They even dig special holes well away from the burrow,which the whole family uses as toilets.

 

turkey-vulture-gary-raves

  • Vultures sometimes eat so much that they cannot take off after their meal.

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This winters say bye bye to – COUGH.

What it is actually?

A COUGH is a sudden noisy expulsion of air from the lungs that clears the air passages. or an action that clears the throat of mucus.  A cough that sticks for several weeks may indicate a condition that needs medical consultation. If somebody coughs a lot it can be a sign of a disease. The main cause of cough is due to pollution which is at rise level now a days.

Symptoms of cough:-

  • Problem in breathing.
  • Constant runny nose.
  • Sore throat.
  • Severe headache.
  • Changes in voice.
  • Sneezing.
  • Sour taste in mouth.

Causes which may cause cough:-

  • Allergies or Common cold.
  • Contact with an infected person.
  • Weak lungs and less immunity of the respiratory track.
  • Asthma.
  • Adverse Reactions to medicines.
  • Seasonal change and kafnature.
  • Smoking.

Here are some NATURAL,HERBAL and HOME MADE remedies which will permanently wipe your COUGH:-

  • Take juice of ginger(adrak) and honey in equal proportion.
  • Keep mulethi, tulsi, black pepper(kali mirch) and Roasted clove(bhuni laung) in mouth or make a Concoction(kadha).
  • Watch and practise Pranayam & Yoga daily atleast 1 hour.
  • Add Haldi(turmeric), Adrak(ginger) and Tulsi in milk and tea.
  • Do not eat or take Cold and Greasy food or drinks.
  • Try to eat chapatis made from Besan and Bhuna Chana.
  • Take Turmeric powder daily 2 times.

Amazing facts about cough:

  • Cough have been reported across the country, from California to Kansas,
  • Have affected people of all ages, both vaccinated and unvaccinated.
  • Caifornia is the 2nd largest country which is having maximum cases of cough.
  • The illness killed 20 Americans in 2012; most of the victims were less than 3 months old
  • 6257 confirmed cases every month in california only.
  • 10 deaths per annum in world.

coughs

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New Worries : BIRD FLU At Outskirts

What is bird flu ?

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It is  known informally as avian flu or bird flu — refers to “influenza caused by viruses adapted to birds.” most of the people’s also called it h5n1.  It is the most common form of bird flu. It’s deadly to birds, and can easily affect humans and other animals that come in contact with a carrier. According to the world health organization, h5n1 was first discovered in humans in 1997, and has killed nearly 60 percent of those infected. H5n1 is a highly pathogenic avian (bird) flu virus that has caused serious outbreaks in domestic poultry in parts of asia and the middle east. Highly pathogenic refers to the virus’s ability to produce disease. Although h5n1 does not usually infect humans but they want to keep maintain gap from unwanted or dead poultry.

Whats different this year flu?

“At rare times this bird flu virus picks up genetic capacity to be transmitted from person to person, that’s when you get a big new pandemic,” said schaffer, who stressed the virus is not a problem for consumers who are worried about picking up eggs and poultry at the grocery store.while this current strain has not yet infected any humans, schaffner said researchers are wary of bird flu since if it mutates, the disease can potentially lead to a global pandemic. A person infected with bird flu will have similar symptoms to the seasonal flu but will likely be at a higher risk for having complications or dying from the disease, schaffner noted.The disease is transmitted via contact with an infected bird’s feces, or secretions from its nose, mouth or eyes.

 

Recently Noted where:

bird-flu-states-under-high-alertLast time bird flu virus noted in kerala(2015). But now these days it is observed or spread in india . The capital zoo has been temporarily closed from three days because of outbreak feared after h5n1 virus confirmed in zoo premises only. 12 migratory birds was died from suspected bird flu on monday. 1.96 crore peoples of delhi have the threat of their health worries due to large pigeon population in city.

“we decided to close the zoo for a few days as a precautionary measure,” khan said, adding that the zoo would reopen the next week.

He said the birds, including some ducks and two pelicans, died friday and saturday.city authorities have closed a sprawling park in the heart of new delhi after eight birds died of suspected bird flu.

 

Symptoms:

you may have avian flu, if you experience symptoms such as:

  • Cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Respiratory problems
  • High fever
  • Headache
  • Abdominal pain
  • Pneumonia
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat.

 

Causes:

  • Touching infected birds that are dead or alive.
  • Inhaling or being in contact with dried dust from the droppings or bedding of infected birds.
  • Inhaling or being in contact with droplets sneezed by infected birds.
  • Culling, slaughtering, butchering or preparing infected poultry for cooking.
  • It occurs naturally in wild waterfowl and can spread into domestic poultry, such as chickens, turkeys, ducks and geese.
  • Transmission of highpath H5N1 virus occurs by close contact with an infected bird.
  • Transmission of highpath H5N1 virus occurs by close contact with an infected bird.
  • Do not handle birds that appear sick or are found dead.
  • Wear rubber or disposable latex gloves when handling or cleaning game.
  • Avoid Open-air markets, where eggs and birds are sold in crowded and unsanitary conditions, are hotbeds of infection and can spread the disease into the wider community.
  • Bird flu is caused by a type of influenza a virus. There are many types of influenza viruses, and most prefer to live in a limited number of animal hosts.

 

Steps taken by organisations:

The animal husbandry department procured 150 personal protective equipment kits, which will be used by personnel who enters or suspect zoo’s , wildlife century parks , or infected places with virus. Top organisations have decided to check the places where birds species are likely to live or where the birds have been sold. These could be the first bird flu of 2016 year.

If a subird-flu-identified-in-nafferton-in-yorkshirespected human case of h5n1 were to occur in the united states, it would be reported to the centers for disease control and prevention (cdc). The cdc would investigate the case and notify other u.s. Government agencies and who.

Ngos are taking  interest in protection of wildlife. The wild life protection act, 1972, has several provisions for the conservation of wildlife. As many as 165 game sanctuaries and 21 national parks have been developed to protect the natural habitat and wild animals. Apart from this, a wild life conservation week is also celebrated from 1st to 7th october every year. But still there is a long way to go in this direction.

 

Prevention:

  • Avoid open air markets.
  • Avoid undercooked poultry.
  • Be sure to practice good hygiene and wash your hands regularly.
  • Clean cutting boards and other utensils with soap and water to keep raw poultry from contaminating other foods.
  • Use a food thermometer to make sure you cook poultry to a temperature of at least two fh.
  • Cook eggs until whites and yolks are firm.
  • Turn away from other people and cover your mouth with tissues when you cough or sneeze.
  • Dispose of tissues immediately after use and wash your hands with soap and warm water.
  • Avoid public places if you’re ill.

The food and drug administration has approved one vaccine to prevent infection with one strain of h5n1 bird flu virus. This vaccine isn’t available to the public, but the u.s. Government is stockpiling it and will distribute it in the event of an outbreak.

 

Diagnosis:

If bird flu is suspected, the following tests will be carried out to establish whether you have the infection:

  • Chest x-ray.
  • Virus detection using a nose and throat swab.
  • Blood tests.
  • Auscultation (a test that detects abnormal breath sounds).
  • White blood cell differential.
  • Nasopharyngeal culture.

If the laboratory tests and chest x-ray results are normal, it’s unlikely you have bird flu.

Facts:

  1. The prognosis of bird flu is fair to poor because of frequent complications and high death rates.
  2. In 2011, a mutated strain of highly pathogenic bird flu appeared, h5n1, which is concerning because the existing poultry vaccines are not very effective against the h5n1 strain. In 2013, a new strain, h7n9, appeared in china; other strains are rare.
  3. Influenza spreads around the world in seasonal epidemics.
  4. About 2,50,000 to 5,00,000 yearly deaths.
  5. Treatment may include antiviral medication and often requires intensive supportive care.
  6. There is no commercially available vaccine for humans against bird flu strains.

 

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